Tuesday, October 16, 2018

incognito (in disguise or under an assumed name) was traditionally pronounced in-KOG-ni-toh.  A newer standard is in-kog-NEE-toh.  The Oxford Dictionary of American Usage and Style by Bryan A. Garner
brusque (abrupt, terse) rhymes with dusk
Satek (Indiana winery) rhymes with attic
Capri (Italian island) CAH-pree by Italians, usually pronounced kuh-PREE by English speakers  For information on Capri and pictures, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capri

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."  Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.  Link to primarty documents at https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/13thamendment.html

April 23, 2016  “Don Quijote de la Mancha is the second most translated book after the Bible” by Norma Saliba u Antonia Micallef  According to Spanish Professor Alfredo Moro, Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes is the most popular author in the world for his popular novel ‘Don Quijote de la Mancha’.  “He was the inventor of the modern novel.  His influence around the world was universal.  We are currently working on a project where we are assembling all the translations of Don Quijote in many languages all around the world and we have one language per chapter”, Prof. Alfredo Moro, who is Assistent Lecturer at the Cantabria Spanish University said.  Prof. Moro said that after only eight years of its publication, Don Quijote was being translated in other languages.  Cervantes, who had left a great impact on the Spanish language with the Don Quijote publication, was born on the 29th September 1547 and died on the 22 April 1616.  The Don Quijote literary work is the best of his works and is considered as the first modern European novel in the Western classic literature.  His works include the Novelas ejemplares (Exemplary Novels) in 1613, Viaje al Parnaso (Journey to Parnassus) in 1614, Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses and the second part of Don Quijote in 1615.  The last literary work of Cervantes was Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda (The Works of Persiles and Sigismunda), published in 1617.   https://www.tvm.com.mt/en/news/don-quijote-de-la-mancha-is-the-second-most-translated-book-after-the-bible/

Don Quixote translations  In 1687, John Phillips, one of John Milton’s nephews and the author of an attack on Oliver Cromwell and Puritanism, translated Cervantes’ novel.  His critics, and they are plentiful, contend his work is barely an approximation.  Phillips didn’t use the Spanish original.  He based it, as was his custom in general, on a French translation by Filleau de Saint-Martin.  The effect is like drinking fresh water from a plastic bottle.  Unsurprisingly, Samuel Putnam, himself a translator of the novel, who in my estimation has produced one of the best English-language renditions, published in 1949, called it the worst English translation ever made of a famous novel.  Among the most famous renditions is that of Peter Anthony (aka Pierre Antoine) Motteux, published in 1700.  After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes sent French Protestants abroad, Motteux, a native of Rouen, moved to England, where he became editor of the Gentleman’s Journal.   By the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first, the quality standards of translation were notably higher.  The development of scholarship on literary matters, and the rise of translation as a legitimate, if poorly remunerated profession, raised the standards of quality.  The work of John Rutherford (2000), Edith Grossman (2003), and Tom Lathrop (2005) is proof of it.  https://www.neh.gov/humanities/2008/septemberoctober/feature/one-master-many-cervantes  After looking at the first few sentences of several translations of Don Quixote, the Muser selected the Samuel Putnam translation because it was "earthy" and not contrived.  With new translations out since I read the novel, I might try the Edith Grossman translation.

According to Martin Chilton, Culture Editor of The Telegraph (UK newspaper) Don Quixote is the most mispronounced literary name.  Don Quixote is the 17th-century character created by Miguel de Cervantes.  If you're one of the 44% of readers who have been been pronouncing the knight's name as "Don Quicks-Oat" then it's time to learn the correct way:  "Don-Key-Hoh-Tee".  Find a list of the ten most mispronounced literary characters at https://www.telegraph.co.uk/books/what-to-read/don-quixote-top-mispronounced-literary-name/

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892–1973) was a major scholar of the English language, specialising in Old and Middle English.  Twice Professor of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) at the University of Oxford, he also wrote a number of stories, including most famously The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954–1955), which are set in a pre-historic era in an invented version of our world which he called by the Middle English name of Middle-earth.  The name “Tolkien” is pronounced Tol-keen with equal stress on both syllables.  David Doughan  https://www.tolkiensociety.org/author/biography/

The 27-year-old British novelist Daisy Johnson has become the youngest writer ever to be shortlisted for the Man Booker prize, with her novel Everything Under, about a troubled mother-daughter relationship that reimagines Greek myth in modern Britain.  It is one of six novels on a shortlist described by the chair of judges as reflecting the “dark times” we live in.   American novelists Rachel Kushner and Richard Powers were also nominated:  Kushner for The Mars Room, which takes on gender and class in a story of poverty and incarceration; and the National Book Award-winning Powers for The Overstory, about nine strangers trying to save a continent’s last few acres of virgin forest.  The shortlist is completed with Scottish poet Robin Robertson’s first novel The Long Take, told in verse about a D-Day veteran with post-traumatic stress disorder.  The winner will be announced on 16 October 2018 at a dinner in London’s Guildhall.  Alison Flood  https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/sep/20/man-booker-2018-shortlist-daisy-johnson-anna-burns-rachel-kushner-richard-powers-esi-edugyan-robin-robertson   The Man Booker Prize was established in 1969.  The winner receives £50,000 as well as the £2,500 awarded to each of the shortlisted authors.  Both the winner and the shortlisted authors are guaranteed a worldwide readership plus an increase in book sales.  https://themanbookerprize.com/fiction

October 12, 2018  Norman Rockwell's Vision of the Four Freedoms Left Some People Out.  These Artists Are Trying to Fill Those Gaps by Lily Rothman  Today, 75 years later, those four images—Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Worship, Freedom From Want, Freedom From Fear—remain some of history’s most iconic visual representations of the American idea.  But they were always more aspiration than reality.  One gap between Rockwell’s images and reality was obvious to artist Hank Willis Thomas and photographer Emily Shur.  Though the four original images contain a relatively large cast of characters—including specific representations of Protestantism, Catholicism and Judaism in the “Freedom of Worship” tableau—that group barely brushes against the depth of American diversity at the time, much less today.  In 2016, Thomas and co-founder Eric Gottesman launched a non-partisan organization they called For Freedoms, with the idea of helping artists get involved in civic issues.  Last year, Thomas recruited Shur, a friend, to help him finally bring its eponymous project to life—“to make a portrait of the America that we live in,” as Thomas puts it.  Photographer Wyatt Gallery also was also asked to help as a producer on the project.)  Over the course of two separate shoots, they invited friends, acquaintances and near-strangers to pose for photographic recreations of the original paintings.  Though they were worried nobody would show up, they say something “clicked” once people realized the import of the project, and the word began to spread.  All toldmore than 100 participants came through the studio—including celebrities, such as the actor and activist Rosario Dawson, and people with personal connections to the freedoms, such as the Japanese-American filmmaker Robert A. Nakamura, who spent time as a child in an internment camp. Their varied cast included Native Americans, trans people, immigrants,  activists and many others, as they strove to find representatives of as many meanings of “American” as possible.  A select portfolio of Four Freedoms sets will form the backbone of a national billboard campaign that is part of For Freedoms’ 50 State Initiative, a national “creative collaboration,” launched in September, which aims to use public art, exhibitions and community meetings as platforms for civic life.  (The Norman Rockwell Museum is also holding its own commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the images, including a separate set of “reimaginings” of the images by contemporary artists.)  http://time.com/longform/four-freedoms/  Thank you, Muse reader!

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1970  October 16, 2018, 289th day of the year  Word of the Day  aquaponics  noun  sustainable food production system that combines traditional aquaculture with hydroponics, with effluent from the water in which fish are reared being used as nutrition for plants.  Today is recognized by the United Nations as World Food Day to highlight the importance of food security and good nutrition, and the need for action. 

Monday, October 15, 2018

The October 2018 Edition of The Big Thrill is Here!  In this issue, we kick off a new column, Tales From the Script,” with an interview by April Snellings with the one and only R. L. Stine and how he navigates the film and television world.  Also in this issue are interviews with Steven JamesJ. D. BarkerKyle MillsLisa UngerBrenda NovakWendy TysonE. M. Powell and 30 more.  In “Author Guided Tour,” J. A. Jance shares the lowdown on Arizona’s classic crime spots and in Trend Report,” Dawn Ius investigates whether the marching orders have changed for today’s military thrillers.  Link to Special Features, Interviews and New Releases at http://www.thebigthrill.org/the-big-thrill/current-issue/

Tapioca is a starchy product made from cassava tubers.  These tubers are native to Brazil and much of South America.  Tapioca is available as flour, meal, flakes, and pearls.  Tapioca pearls are commonly used to make tapioca pudding and bubble teas.  Tapioca is also used as a thickener.  Tapioca is almost entirely starchy carbohydrates (carbs).  People who limit their consumption of carbs or who are concerned about how starches impact blood sugar levels may perceive tapioca as unhealthy.  Tapioca is high on the glycemic index scale.  The glycemic index measures how fast blood sugar levels increase after eating.  Tapioca is known for being easy on the stomach.  Many people find it easier to digest than flours made with grains or nuts.  Read more at "11 healthy nutrition facts about tapioca" by Annette McDermott at https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318411.php

A.Word.A.Day with Anu Garg
zany  (ZAY-nee)  adjective  Amusingly strange, comical, or clownish.  From French zani, from Italian zanni, a nickname for Giovanni.  The term has its origin in the comedy theater commedia dell’arte popular in 16-18th century Italy.  Giovanni, Italian form of the name John, was originally the generic name of the servant, a stock character who tried to mimic his master, himself a clown.  Earliest documented use:  1596
punchinello  (pun-chuh-NEL-o)  noun  A grotesque or absurd person.  From Italian (Naples dialect) polecenella (a short, fat buffoon, principal character in Italian puppet shows), diminutive of pollecena (turkey pullet), ultimately from Latin pullus (young chicken).  From the resemblance of punchinello’s nose to a turkey’s beak.  Earliest documented use:  1662
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From:  Andrew Pressburger  Subject:  Punchinello  Stravinsky composed the one-act ballet Pulcinella, based on a Neapolitan theme, which had antecedents in the commedia dell’arte and may have been earlier attributed to the 18th c. baroque composer Pergolesi.  Stravinsky tried to imitate the style of this earlier period.  His first symphony, better known as the Classical Symphony, was a similar attempt, in which he used the four-movement symphonic form, but filled it with a modern content, based on dissonant chords and atonal harmonies.
From:  Bruce Colbert   Subject:  Punchinello  Does this bring back the children’s song http://www.songsforteaching.com/folk/punchinella.php for anyone?  Took me all the way back to circa 1979 elementary school!

Across New York City, more than 70 restaurants are tossing their oyster shells not into the trash or composting pile, but into the city's eroded harbor.  It's all part of Billion Oyster Project's restaurant shell-collection program.  The journey from trash to treasure begins after an oyster half shell is turned upside down and left on an icy tray.  Once discarded, it joins hundreds of thousands of other half shells collected in blue bins and picked up (free of charge) from restaurants five days a week by Billion Oyster Project's partner, The Lobster Place, a seafood supplier.  The shells are trucked over to Brooklyn's Greenpoint neighborhood and once a month are brought en masse to Governors Island in the heart of the New York Harbor, just yards away from both Brooklyn and Lower Manhattan.  There, rolling shell hills sparkle in the sun while "curing" out in the elements for one year, a process that rids them of contaminants.  The shells then get a final cleaning and are moved to Billion Oyster Project's hatchery at the Urban Assembly New York Harbor School, a public high school on Governors Island that offers technical and vocational training in the marine sciences.  In an aquaculture classroom's hatchery, student-grown oysters produce larvae in an artificially induced springtime environment.  In one to two weeks, each larvae grows a "foot"—a little limb covered in a kind of natural glue—and then is moved to a tank full of the "cured" restaurant shells, which serve as anchors for all of those sticky feet.  This phase is critical:  If larvae can't find a place to attach, they die.  One reclaimed shell can house 10 to 20 new live oysters, depending on shell size.  Once the larvae have a foothold, they're now "spat" and ready to begin their metamorphoses.  Andrea Strong  https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/10/10/654781446/oysters-on-the-half-shell-are-actually-saving-new-yorks-eroding-harbor  Thank you, Muse reader!

Ursula K. Le Guin, loved by millions for her fantasy and science-fiction novels, ponders life, death and the vast beyond in “So Far So Good” (Copper Canyon), an astute, charming collection finished weeks before her death in January, 2018.  Fans will recognize some of the motifs here—cats, wind, strong women—as well as her exploration of the intersection between soul and body, the knowable and the unknown.    The writing is clear, artful and reverent as Le Guin looks back at key memories and concerns and looks forward to what is next:  “Spirit, rehearse the journey of the body/ that are to come, the motions/ of the matter that held you.”  https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/books/ursula-k-le-guins-final-poems-and-other-best-collections-to-read-this-month/2018/10/10/46e51c14-c044-11e8-be77-516336a26305_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.72cb2b5c1a70

TWO POEMS BY URSULA K. LE GUINFROM SO FAR SO GOOD, A COLLECTION OF HER FINAL POEMS  https://lithub.com/two-poems-by-ursula-k-le-guin/

Charles White:  A Retrospective  exhibition through January 13, 2019 
10:30 a.m.–5:30 p.m.  open seven days a week   “Art must be an integral part of the struggle,” Charles White insisted.  “It can’t simply mirror what’s taking place. … It must ally itself with the forces of liberation.”  Over the course of his four-decade career, White’s commitment to creating powerful images of African Americans—what his gallerist and, later, White himself described as “images of dignity”—was unwavering.  Using his virtuoso skills as a draftsman, printmaker, and painter, White developed his style and approach over time to address shifting concerns and new audiences.  https://www.moma.org/calendar/exhibitions/3930

Arguably a masterpiece by the illustrator Norman Rockwell, “Shuffleton’s Barbershop” (1950), a work he donated to the Norman Rockwell Museum in the Berkshires, was sold privately by the New York auction house Sotheby’s to The Lucas Museum of Narrative Art.   While that museum is under construction, the painting is on loan to the Norman Rockwell Museum for 18 months.  Through October 28, 2018  the picture is the centerpiece of a stunning, richly documented, special exhibition Keepers of the Flame:  Parrish, Wyeth, Rockwell and the Narrative Tradition.  This special exhibition includes more than 60 original works by those masters and nearly two dozen other American and European painters.  Maxfield Parrish (July 25, 1870 – March 30, 1966), Newell Convers Wyeth (October 22, 1882 – October 19, 1945), known as N. C. Wyeth, and Norman Perceval Rockwell (February 3, 1894 – November 8, 1978) were the dominant artists of the golden age of American illustration.  If one picture speaks a thousand words, then the language of these paintings, books, and posters have shaped the American psyche.  Wyeth created over 3,000 paintings and illustrated 112 books.  Parrish produced almost 900 murals, calendars, greeting cards, and magazine covers.  Rockwell is best known for some 300 covers of Saturday Evening Post.  His “Four Freedoms” a series of 1943 oil paintings, reproduced as posters, were a part of the war effort.  An exhibition and accompanying sales of war bonds raised over $132 million  Charles Giuliano  http://artsfuse.org/171644/visual-arts-commentary-keepers-of-the-flame-the-revenge-of-the-middlebrow/  Read about an unbroken line of pupils and painters and see pictures at https://www.nrm.org/2017/02/parrish-wyeth-rockwell-and-the-narrative-tradition/  Norman Rockwell Museum  9 Glendale Rd, Stockbridge, MA 01262   (413) 298-4100  hours:  10 a.m.-5 p.m.  seven days a week

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1969  October 15, 2018 

Friday, October 12, 2018

Part 1:  The Paris of Appalachia:  Pittsburgh in the Twenty-first Century   "The Paris of Appalachia:  Pittsburgh in the Twenty-first Century" is a book by Brian O'Neill that gives a hopeful and heartfelt account of why Pittsburgh was able to hold steady during a financial crisis.  Less than a year later after its release, "The Paris of Appalachia" became the fastest-selling book in the 35-year history of Carnegie Mellon University Press.  In this video Brian talks about his book and its main character, the city of Pittsburgh.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ampAFmwP_E  7:59  The video shows a map of Appalachia. 
Part 2:  The Paris of Appalachia:  Pittsburgh in the Twenty-first Century
Part 3:  The Paris of Appalachia:  Pittsburgh in the Twenty-first Century

Speaking Pittsburghese:  The Story of a Dialect traces the history of Pittsburgh's language as it is imagined and used by Pittsburghers.  Book by Carnegie Mellon University's Barbara Johnstone uncovers that there is much more to "Pittsburghese" than how native western Pennsylvanians speak. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TX4kxkV5kxQ  4:01

In the 1950s, Quakers from the US made Costa Rica their home.  The reason?  They were conscientious objectors to the Korean War and were forced to move so as to avoid being drafted into the army.  They chose this lush little slice of Central America as their home because in 1949 it had abolished its army, preferring to focus on peaceful dialogue instead of war.  A key reason, perhaps, why both the United Nations University for Peace and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights are based in San José.  The Quaker community still exists today.  They set up home in Monteverde, where hundreds of varieties of orchids bloom within cloud forests, where hilltop plantations produce some of the world’s best coffee and where they started dairy farms and began producing the country’s most famous cheese.  You will hear the phrase “pura vida” used as a greeting, a farewell and a response to asking how they are.  It directly translates as “pure life”, but its meaning runs much deeper than that.  It is a way of expressing contentment and being happy with what you’ve got.  This is, after all, a country that boasts five per cent of the world’s biodiversity, packed into a landmass measuring just 31,750 square miles.  The dedication of “Ticos” (the name for Costa Ricans) to their awe-inspiring surroundings doesn’t stop there:  90 per cent of the country’s energy already comes from renewable sources, and the aim is to be entirely carbon-neutral by 2021.  With such a focus on peace, their environment and appreciating what you have, it is perhaps not surprising to know that Costa Rica is consistently listed as one of the happiest countries in the world by both Gallup and the Happy Planet Index.  Natalie Livingstone  https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/costa-rica-attractions/pura-vida/  Monteverde Cheese Factory in 2008 made 14 million dollars in sales, employs over 350 people and buys milk from 250 farms in the zone.  The cheese factory affects every resident and visitor to the area in many ways which go unnoticed.   However, the cheese factory was bought out by an international company around 2014.  The cheese factory no longer does tours but you can still visit and look through the glass windows and see how the cheese is being made and go to the factory store where you can buy cheese and wonderful milkshakes and ice-cream!  https://monteverdetours.com/monteverde-cheese-factory.html  See also Latin American Cheese: Queso Blanco by Jamie Ditaranto Queso fresco (fresh cheese) and queso blanco (white cheese) are both fresh white cheeses.  While the names are often used interchangeably, there is a slight difference between the two terms.  Queso fresco is made with rennet and queso blanco is made from milk that has been curdled with an acid like lemon juice or vinegar.  Read more, see pictures, and link to recipes at https://culturecheesemag.com/blog/latin-american-cheese-queso-blanco  

Tamarind is a hardwood tree known scientifically as Tamarindus indica.  It's native to Africa but also grows in India, Pakistan and many other tropical regions.  The tree produces bean-like pods filled with seeds surrounded by a fibrous pulp.  The pulp of the young fruit is green and sour.  As it ripens, the juicy pulp becomes paste-like and more sweet-sour.  Interestingly, tamarind is sometimes referred to as the "date of India."  Tamarind pulp is widely used for cooking in South and Southeast Asia, Mexico, the Middle East and the Caribbean.  The seeds and leaves are also edible.  It is used in sauces, marinades, chutneys, drinks and desserts.  It's one of the ingredients of Worcestershire sauce.  Pure tamarind comes in three main forms:  raw pods, pressed blocks and concentrate.  It's available as candy and syrup.  It also has medicinal properties and can be used as a tarnish remover.  https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/tamarind

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From:  Martin Frampton  Subject:  Cockney rhyming slang  To hold the label “Cockney” one had to be born within the sound of Bow Bells, the church at Bow, London, and know about Pearly Kings and Queens.  Raspberry tart was one of disapproval, but raspberries were often in short supply so rhubarb was used.  Rhubarb on its own indicates total disparagement of a view or statement.  A ball of chalk was a walk.
From:  Jill Sidders  Subject:  Rhyming slang  When I visited Norwegian friends living just outside Oslo, they were intrigued by the various English accents (“Do a Cockney accent, Jill!  Do a Newcastle accent!”) and once I’d explained the concept of rhyming slang, they absolutely loved it and adopted it into their everyday conversations.  “Helge, there’s someone on the dog for you.”
From:  Nicholas Shillidy D Skinner  Subject:  hickory clock   How about my father’s asking the taxi driver “What’s on the ‘ickory, pal?”
From:  Denis Toll   Subject:  scooby  Sartre - To do is to be  Socrates - To be is to do  Sinatra - Do be do be do   The last one, from Strangers in the Night (2 min.) is, according to Wiki, the inspiration for Scooby-Doo’s name.

The University of Wisconsin Press (sometimes abbreviated as UW Press) is a non-profit university press publishing peer-reviewed books and journals.  UW Press publishes work by scholars from the global academic community; works of fiction, memoir and poetry under its imprint, Terrace Books; and serves the citizens of Wisconsin by publishing important books about Wisconsin, the Upper Midwest, and the Great Lakes region.  UW Press annually awards the Brittingham Prize in Poetry, the Felix Pollak Prize in Poetry, and The Four Lakes Prize in Poetry.  The Press was founded in 1936 in Madison and is one of more than 120 member presses in the Association of American University Presses.  The Journals Division was established in 1965.  The Press produces 40 to 60 new books a year, and publishes 11 journals.  It also distributes books and some annual journals for selected smaller publishers.  The Press is a unit of the Graduate School of the University of Wisconsin–Madison and serves the university's overall mission of research, instruction, and outreach beyond the university.  Since its first book appeared in 1937, the Press has published and distributed more than 3,000 titles.  The Press has more than 1,400 titles currently in print.  In 2003, the Press acquired the publishing company Popular Press, which specialized in works on popular culture.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Wisconsin_Press

From the Toledo-Lucas County Public Library  Vote for America's Favorite Books  PBS is setting out to identify America's most beloved novel!  Vote for your favorite book on the Great American Read list now through October 17, and then join us at the grand finale with WGTE, where we will announce which book ruled them all!  Great American Read Grand Finale  (T) Oct. 23 | 7 p.m. | Sylvania  The Great American Read is an eight-part series that explores and celebrates the power of reading as told through America’s top 100 novels (as chosen in a national survey).  It investigates how and why writers create their fictional worlds, how we as readers are affected by these stories, and what these 100 different books have to say about our diverse nation and our shared human experience.  VOTE  The Muser has narrowed her choices for favorite book from seven to four, and will try to get it down to one by Wednesday, the 17th of October, 2018.

insultant  noun  A consultant who makes disparaging remarks about the client, or who recommends unpopular changes.  Etymology  insult + consultant  Example  Martin should be content.  He will be paid a great deal of money for acting as Steinbrenner’s chief consultant, instead of chief insultant, for the next three years.  —“Billy’s Exile Tastes Great—To Hear Him Tell It,” The Miami Herald, January 11, 1984  https://wordspy.com/index.php?word=insultant  Example  Dogbert the business insultant at http://dilbert.com/strip/2018-10-10

President Donald Trump signed the Music Modernization Act on October 11, 2018  passing into law landmark copyright reform that Nashville songwriters have battled to pass for many years.  The Music Modernization Act has three main tenets:  (1)  It creates a new organization which will be in charge of the digital mechanical licensing of a song.  The new organization, run by publishers and songwriters, will be in charge of identifying copyright owners and paying them their royalties for when songs are played on Spotify, Apple Music, Amazon or other streaming services.  (2)  The new law creates a new standard for setting digital royalty rates for songwriters and publishers, implementing the more favorable free market value standard, which advocates say will increase digital royalty payouts to working songwriters.  (3)  The legislation closes the loophole which allowed digital radio companies to not pay artists and record labels royalties for songs recorded prior to 1972.  Nate Rau https://www.tennessean.com/story/money/2018/10/11/trump-alongside-kid-rock-signs-music-modernization-streaming-act-into-law/1599350002/

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1968  October 12, 2018 

Wednesday, October 10, 2018

According to legend, Sam Panopoulos, a Greek immigrant who moved to Canada in 1954, created the first Hawaiian pizza just over the Michigan border in Chatham, Ontario.  His restaurant, Satellite, focused mostly on traditional American fare like burgers and fries, but he eventually started experimenting with trendier foods like Chinese American dishes and pizza (remember:  This was 1962).  The cuisine's sweet-and-sour flavors inspired the pizza we know—and maybe love—today.  As for the "Hawaiian" moniker:  That was simply appropriated from the pineapple can.  https://www.tastingtable.com/dine/national/hawaiian-pineapple-pizza-history  See also How the pineapple became a worldwide symbol of hospitality by Josh Lew at https://www.mnn.com/your-home/at-home/stories/how-pineapple-became-worldwide-symbol-hospitality  

Botanists and historians say the pineapple (or Ananas comosus, if you want to get scientific) originated in South America, most likely near present-day Brazil.  It was a mainstay in South America long before the Europeans arrived.  Then Christopher Columbus and his crew swept into the New World, stumbled across the tangy fruit, and true to form, claimed it as their own.  The Spaniards named their botanical “discovery” the piña, because it bore a striking resemblance to an oversized pinecone.  They loaded it onto their ships and took it home to Spain.  The exact date of the pineapple’s debut in Hawai‘i is not known, but some historians say it probably arrived around 1770.  By the early 1900s, pineapple barons like James Drummond Dole, who became known as “The Pineapple King,” had an ambitious goal:  to see canned pineapple on shelves in every grocery store across the country.  Dole’s earlier move to Hawai‘i was set into motion when his cousin, sugar tycoon Sanford B. Dole, led the coup d‘état against Queen Lili‘uokalani in 1893 and was named president of the new provincial government.  https://fluxhawaii.com/the-sweet-and-sour-history-of-pineapple-in-hawaii/

The pizza effect is a term used especially in religious studies and sociology for the phenomenon of elements of a nation or people's culture being transformed or at least more fully embraced elsewhere, then re-imported back to their culture of origin, or the way in which a community's self-understanding is influenced by (or imposed by, or imported from) foreign sources.  It is named after the idea that modern pizza toppings were developed among Italian immigrants in the United States (rather than in native Italy, where in its simpler form it was originally looked down upon), and was later exported back to Italy to be interpreted as a delicacy in Italian cuisine.  Related phrases include "hermeneutical feedback loop", "re-enculturation", and "self-orientalization".  The term "pizza effect" was coined by the Austrian-born Hindu monk and professor of Anthropology at Syracuse UniversityAgehananda Bharati in 1970.  The original examples given by Agehananda Bharati mostly had to do with popularity and status:  The Apu trilogy films of Satyajit Ray, which were flops in India before they were given prizes in Western countries and re-evaluated as classics of the Indian cinema  The popularity in India of movements like those of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and ISKCON based on their popularity in the west.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pizza_effect

One of Britain's most beloved wildlife artists, Lesley Anne Ivory and her imaginative feline artwork are phenomenally popular the world over.  Her artwork graces calendars, greeting cards, and ceramics.  Lesley has illustrated more than 40 children's books, and her wildlife wood engravings were exhibited at the Summer Exhibition of the Royal Academy for a consecutive decade.  She has also created limited edition wildlife art for World Wildlife Fund and has three one-woman shows in London.  Lesley's predominately watercolor and gouache artwork is heavily influenced by her love of pattern--from Indian and Persian tapestry and design to the mosaics and friezes of antiquity.  See many examples of Lesley Anne Ivory's artwork at http://www.cathappy.net/ivory.htm

"Everything about him was polished, from his teeth to his shoes."  "The look in her eyes would have stripped the gloss off a shinier surface than his."  "Carol knew the brick wall of loyalty when she ran into it."  The Retribution, Book 7 in the Tony Hill & Carol Jordan series by Val McDermid

Ranked in the top 100 most-visited art museums worldwide by Art Newspaper, the Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park has grown to become an international destination.  The sculpture program features more than 200 works in the permanent collection sited both indoors and outdoors on the 158-acre main campus.  http://www.meijergardens.org/discover/

The Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum is the presidential museum and resting place of Gerald Ford, the 38th President of the United States (1974–1977), and his wife Betty Ford, located near the Pew Campus of Grand Valley State University in Grand Rapids, Michigan  Permanent exhibits:  Gerald Ford's Americapop culture of the 1970s, Young Jerry Ford:  His formative years to inauguration as vice president, Constitution in Crisis:  The Watergate years, At Work in the Oval Office:  a recreation of the Oval Office during Ford's years as President of the United States, Leadership in Diplomacy:  Ford's foreign trips with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Ford Cabinet Room:  a recreation of the Cabinet Room of the Ford Presidency.  Videos highlight the pardon of Richard Nixon, the seizure of the SS Mayagüez, and the New York City financial crisis.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_R._Ford_Presidential_Museum

October 11, 2012  From the American Library Association:  We all know that public libraries have become local employment agencies, e-government one-stop shopping centers, providers of free entertainment for those forced to drop cable and book or e-book purchases, and a place to gather and explore the internet without having to pay the price of home service.  But … are libraries simply becoming the information welfare system for the have nots?  If they are, then they always have been.  Because in serving these roles and many others, libraries are doing what they have been doing for more than 100 years—ensuring that all people in the community have access to the resources they need and want to be self actualized and self governing people.  While the trends for service change with the cultural, political, and economic shifts and challenges, the role remains the same.  It is a role that is as critical now as it was when Andrew Carnegie said when he began giving the first of his library grants in 1898, “There is not such a cradle of democracy upon the earth as the Free Public Library, this republic of letters, where neither rank, office, nor wealth receives the slightest consideration.”  Yes, then as now libraries provided the level playing field for knowledge and information that is critical to our democracy.  Librarians have awakened to the fact that education and advocacy are critical to ensuring the safety of their budgets.  We changed our name because we believe that if we are all “United for Libraries” we can stem the tide of library cuts and closings.  (We were formerly known as ALTAFF – the Association of Library Trustees, Advocates, Friends and Foundations.)  http://www.ilovelibraries.org/article/we-are-united-libraries-name-change-becomes-official  See also Literary Landmarks by state at http://www.ala.org/united/products_services/literarylandmarks/landmarksbystate/landmarksbystate  As of this writing, Ohio has the following literary landmarks:  2000 Oak Hill Cottage - Louis Bromfield, Mansfield, Ohio.  The house featured as “Shane's Castle” in Louis Bromfield’s first novel, The Green Bay Tree (1924).  2012 Cleveland Heights-University Heights Public Library - Harvey Pekar, Cleveland Ohio.  Best known for his American Splendor series, Harvey Pekar (1939-2010) spent countless days at Heights Libraries, working on stories that celebrated his hometown and the common man  2015 Toledo-Lucas County Public Library - Carolyn Keene, Toledo, Ohio.  Author and journalist Mildred A. Wirt Benson (known by many by her pen name, Carolyn Keene), moved to Toledo in 1938.  From 1930-1953, she wrote 23 of the first 30 Nancy Drew mysteries  2015 Hamilton Lane Library - Robert McCloskey, Hamilton, Ohio.  Two-time Caldecott Award-winner Robert McCloskey (1914-2003) walked through the doors of the Hamilton Lane Library many times as a child.  McCloskey was born in Hamilton and his first book, Lentil, featured several Hamilton scenes, including the library.  2017 Literary Landmark plaque - Earl Derr Biggers, Warren, Ohio.  A plaque honoring author and playwright Earl Derr Biggers (1884-1933) in his hometown.

The 21st Century Library by James Bikales   While the American foray into the digital age would lead many to classify libraries as obsolete, the continued—if not heightened—importance of the library’s core mission to provide knowledge, as well as new skills of librarians and changes to the design of libraries, make them relevant in our changed world.  “The fundamental role of the library is not to provide books, it is to provide information.  So that has not changed,” said Eileen Abels, dean of the Simmons School of Library and Information Science, in an interview with the Harvard Political Review.  “But I think the time has come for librarians to reach into new media.”  The central mission of a library has been and will remain to be to provide “unlimited access to high quality sources of information,” Suzanne Wones, director of library digital strategies and innovations at Harvard Library, told the HPR.  Rather than through print books, Wones said, this is now mostly achieved through digital resources and tools.  “More and more resources are digital only—there’s no print counterpart,” Peter Suber, director of Harvard Library’s Office for Scholarly Communication, told the HPR.   “When there are print and digital editions, more and more libraries will choose the digital edition, since more and more patrons expressed a preference for that.”  In addition to growing its digital-only collection, Harvard Library is undertaking a massive digitization project in all of its 79 libraries.  In 2016 alone, it made more than 1.8 million artifacts available online.  Mark Herring, dean of library services at Winthrop University, in an interview with the HPR, noted that the rise of fake news makes the job of a librarian more important than ever.  But today’s librarians need to be more proactive in their outreach, as students are more inclined to look up a fact online than to ask a librarian.  “With the rise of automation and other avenues of information competition, librarians need to be much more aggressive,” Herring said.  “[They] need to get out of the library and go where students are, like classes, dorms, and the student center, to help them with their research.”  This trend of greater outreach is not limited to academic libraries.  David Leonard, president of Boston Public Library, told the HPR that the role of a librarian has changed in the public library as well.  “In the past, we would wait for people to come to us.  Today, we are more outgoing [and] put a premium on marketing and outreach,” he said.  http://harvardpolitics.com/harvard/the-library/  Thank you, Muse reader!

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1967  October 10, 2018 

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Bees are famous for being industrious, and the comparison of busy people to bees goes back to at least the 16th century.  In 1715, English poet Isaac Watts used the phrase in a moral poem advising against idleness and mischief:  “How doth the little busy bee / Improve each shining hour, / And gather honey all the day / From every opening flower!”  Lewis Carroll later parodied this homily as “How doth the little crocodile” in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.  Katy Steinmetz  Find the origins of nine bee-inspired sayings at http://time.com/3897638/bee-inspired-sayings/  

Honey bees are social creatures that enlist a caste system to accomplish the tasks that ensure the survival of the colony.  Thousands of worker bees, all sterile females, assume responsibility for feeding, cleaning, nursing, and defending the group.  Male drones live to mate with the queen, who is the only fertile female in the colony.  The queen bee is the dominant, adult female bee that is the mother of most, if not all the bees in the hive.  A future queen bee's larva is selected by worker bees to be nourished with a protein-rich secretion known as royal jelly so that it can sexually mature.  A drone is a male bee that is the product of an unfertilized egg.  Drones have bigger eyes and lack stingers.  They cannot help defend the hive and they do not have the body parts to collect pollen or nectar, so they cannot contribute to feeding the community.  Worker bees are female.  They accomplish every chore unrelated to reproduction, which is left up to the queen bee.  In their first days, workers tend to the queen.  For the remainder of their short lives (just a single month), workers keep busy.  Debbie Hadley  https://www.thoughtco.com/honey-bee-workers-drones-queens-1968099

Taíno (good people), were seafaring indigenous peoples of the Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles.  They were one of the Arawak peoples of South America, and the Taíno language was a member of the Arawakan language family of northern South America.  At the time of Columbus' arrival in 1492, there were five Taíno chiefdoms and territories on Hispaniola (modern-day Dominican Republic and Haiti), each led by a principal Cacique (chieftain), to whom tribute was paid. Ayiti ("land of high mountains") was the indigenous Taíno name for the entire island of Hispaniola, which has kept its name as it is used as the Haitian Creole form for Haiti.  Cuba, the largest island on the Antilles, was originally divided into 29 chiefdoms.  Most of the native settlements later became the site of Spanish colonial cities retaining the original Taíno names, for instance; Havana, Batabanó, Camagüey, Baracoa and Bayamo.  The name Cuba comes from the Taíno language; however the exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as "where fertile land is abundant" (cubao), or "great place" (coabana).  http://tainomuseum.org/taino/

GIG ECONOMY  A study by Intuit predicted that by 2020, 40 percent of American workers would be independent contractors.  There are a number of forces behind the rise in short-term jobs.  For one thing, in this digital age, the workforce is increasingly mobile and work can increasingly be done from anywhere, so that job and location are decoupled.  That means that freelancers can select among temporary jobs and projects around the world, while employers can select the best individuals for specific projects from a larger pool than that available in any given area.  In a gig economy, businesses save resources in terms of benefits, office space and training.  They also have the ability to contract with experts for specific projects who might be too high-priced to maintain on staff.  From the perspective of the freelancer, a gig economy can improve work-life balance over what is possible in most jobs.  https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/gig-economy

Formerly a saloon, a clothing store, and a billiard parlor, the building was constructed in 1868.  Spread across three floors of the restored structure, the American Museum of Magic is filled from wall to wall, ceiling to floor, with props from all of the greatest magicians of the 19th and 20th centuries.  It’s the largest magic museum in the United States that is open to the public.  Half a million pieces of memorabilia are crammed inside of the museum.  Among the pieces are more than 10,000 books, 24,000 magazines, 46,000 photographs, letters, and more than 2,000 handbills.  One of the highlights is an escape apparatus used by Harry Houdini:  his famous Milk Can Escape.  Link to map and directions to the American Museum of Magic 107 E. Michigan Avenue in Marshall, Michigan at https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/american-museum-of-magic

The art of magic and illusion has been written about for ages, dating back to the 16th century when the first book explaining magic tricks was published.  Find about five magic shops in New York City at https://untappedcities.com/2017/05/12/5-places-to-visit-in-nyc-to-celebrate-the-art-of-magic/

Harry Potter: A History of Magic  October 5, 2018-January 27, 2019  Capturing the traditions of folklore and magic at the heart of the Harry Potter stories, Harry Potter: A History of Magic, a British Library exhibition,  combines century—old treasures including rare books, manuscripts, and magical objects from the collections of the British Library and New-York Historical Society—with original material from Harry Potter publisher Scholastic and J.K. Rowling’s own archives.  From medieval descriptions of dragons and griffins to the origins of the sorcerer’s stone, visitors will explore the subjects studied at Hogwarts and see original drafts and drawings by J.K. Rowling.  Unique to the New York presentation of the British Library’s Harry Potter:  A History of Magic exhibition—and on public view for the first time—are Mary GrandPré’s pastel illustrations for the cover artwork of Scholastic’s original editions of the novels; Brian Selznick’s newly created artwork for the covers of the 20th anniversary edition of the Harry Potter series published by Scholastic; cover art by Kazu Kibuishi featured in Scholastic’s 15th anniversary box set; and the enormous steamer trunk used to transport a signed copy of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince on the Queen Mary to the U.S.  The exhibition also includes costumes and set models from the award-winning play Harry Potter and the Cursed Child.  https://www.nyhistory.org/exhibitions/harry-potter-history-magic   New York Historical Society  170 Central Park West at Richard Gilder Way (77th Street)  New York, NY 10024  (212) 873-3400

Paper car wheels were composite wheels of railway carriages, made from a wrought iron or steel rim bolted to an iron hub with an interlayer of laminated paper.  The center was made of compressed paper held between two plate-iron disks.  Their ability to damp rail/wheel noise resulted in a quiet and smooth ride for the passengers of North American Pullman dining and sleeping cars.   Paper car wheels were invented by the locomotive engineer Richard N. Allen (1827–1890), who set up a company with his brother-in-law in 1867, producing paper from straw.  They damped vibrations much better than conventional cast-iron railway wheels, which transmitted all imperfections of the track into the car above it, making train rides noisy and uncomfortable.  In 1915 the Interstate Commerce Commission, which regulated U.S. railroads, declared paper car wheels to be unsafe, and they went out of use on railroad passenger cars in the United States.  Read more and see pictures at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_car_wheel

If you like falafel (fried chickpea patties usually sandwiched in a pita pocket), you’ll love this healthier baked twist on that theme.  The flavor profile of the fish cakes, like falafel, comes from a tasty puree of chickpeas, lemon, and spices.  Adding mackerel gives a healthy seaside twist to this fusion sandwich.  See recipe for Mediterranean-Style Fish Cake Sandwiches by Julie Grimes at https://www.splendidtable.org/recipes/mediterranean-style-fish-cake-sandwiches?utm_campaign=TST_WNK_20180905&utm_medium=email&utm_source=sfmc_Newsletter&utm_content=The%20Weeknight%20Kitchen:%20Mediterranean-Style%20Fish%20

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1966  October 9. 2018