Monday, April 23, 2018


FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS  The papers of reformer and suffragist Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) span the period 1846-1934 with the bulk of the material dating from 1846 to 1906.  The collection, consisting of approximately 500 items (6,265 images) on seven recently digitized microfilm reels, includes correspondence, diaries, a daybook, scrapbooks, speeches, and miscellaneous items.  Donated by her niece, Lucy E. Anthony, the papers relate to Susan B. Anthony's interests in abolition and women's education, her campaign for women's property rights and suffrage in New York, and her work with the National Woman Suffrage Association, the organization she and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded in 1869 when the suffrage movement split into two rival camps at odds about whether to press for a federal women's suffrage amendment or to seek state-by-state enfranchisement.  With the possible exception of her close collaborator Stanton, no woman is more associated with the campaign for women's voting rights than Anthony, whose name became so synonymous with suffrage that the federal amendment, which formally became the Nineteenth Amendment, was called for many years by its supporters as simply the Anthony Amendment.  A finding aid to the Susan B. Anthony Papers is available online with links to the digital content on this site.  The collection is arranged in five series:  Correspondence, 1846-1905  Letters to and from Anthony.  Arranged chronologically.  Daybook and Diaries, 1856-1906  One daybook and twenty-five diaries.  Arranged chronologically.  Scrapbooks, 1876-1934  Six volumes and two folders of clippings and memorabilia.  Speeches and Writings, 1848-1895  Speeches by Anthony.  Also includes The Woman's Bible, part one, by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.  Arranged chronologically.  https://www.loc.gov/collections/susan-b-anthony-papers/about-this-collection/

Q.  What literary character is being described?  "His mood was particularly bright and joyous, with that somewhat sinister cheerfulness which was characteristic of his lighter moments."  A.  Sherlock Holmes in The Problem of Thor Bridge.  Borrow The Problem of Thor Bridge from your public library or read it online at https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/d/doyle/arthur_conan/d75ca/chapter7.html

Asportation is from a Latin verb which means (no surprise) “to carry away.”  OED has a first use citation from just after 1500, but it seems never to have been widely used, even in law.  Many online search results refer directly or indirectly back to 19th century texts, in turn based on lectures from a century earlier (Blackstone’s Commentaries, if you’re wondering).  The main reason the recent uses of asportation caught my attention is because it didn’t seem like the wording was quite right.  When I’ve run across it, it’s almost entirely been in the police blotters of local papers (in Massachusetts).  But . . . I can’t actually find the term “asportation” in the Massachusetts criminal code.  I’m not a lawyer but it seems to me that explicitly using this as part of the charge in a criminal complaint—when there is no such wording on the books—presents potential problems.  Asportation is an archaism; in Mass, the proper term is “shoplifting” and it’s covered in Part IV, Title I, Chapter 266, Section 30A of the state’s General Laws.  I’m not sure when asportation was dropped from the wording of the statute (if it was ever there), but it’s not in it at this time.  The law already includes specific references to shoplifting by concealing merchandiseshoplifting by switching a price tagshoplifting by switching containers, and shoplifting by ringing up a false price, so those who deal with these cases might need to clarify the basic, plain vanilla, run-of-the-mill type of shoplifting.  And so, a new retronym is born: “shoplifting by asportation.” (Actually, the statute doesn’t use those terms, either, but the official jury instructions do.)  If this is true—it’s a retronymic use, not redundancy and verbosity—then the distinction should probably be added to the wording of the law.  Otherwise, everyone involved should stick to the simplest wording and use what’s actually in the statute: shoplifting by carrying away.  Christopher Daly  https://thebettereditor.wordpress.com/2018/03/29/asportation-unnecessary-wordiness-or-a-retronym-in-process/


July 3, 2017  In A.D. 79, Mount Vesuvius  erupted violently, spewing pyroclastic flows across the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.  The eruption has become one of the most famous in history because the speed of the hot gases caught the locals unawares.  The intense heat captured many features of city life, including individuals as macabre still-lifes.  Much of this detail was then preserved beneath huge volumes of ash that rained down on the region.  One of the discoveries made in 1752 in Herculaneum was of an intact library.  This contained large numbers of papyrus scrolls of philosophical texts, many associated with the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus of Gadara.  This is the only complete library that has survived from antiquity.  And while many of the rolls were destroyed by workmen at the time and by scientists and archaeologists later, some 1,800 rolls survive, most of them in the Naples National Archaeological Museum in Italy.  Today, Inna Bukreeva at the Institute of Nanotechnology in Rome, Italy, and a few pals say they have made significant improvements to the software.  As a result, they’ve peered inside these unopened rolls with unprecedented detail.  “We restored for the first time several extensive textual portions of Greek, the largest ever detected so far in unopened Herculaneum papyrus rolls,” they say.  The technique is straightforward in principle.  The team began by imaging the papyrus roll at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble using a technique called x-ray phase-contrast tomography.  This produces a 3-D representation of the roll in which the sheets can be identified and separated, at least in theory.  https://www.technologyreview.com/s/608209/first-virtual-unrolling-of-ancient-scroll-buried-by-vesuvius-reveals-early-text/

Brent Seales couldn't get access to the Herculaneum scrolls, so he looked elsewhere to prove his algorithms and software.  That led him to Jerusalem and this charred fragment, a 1,700-year-old scroll from a burned synagogue near the Dead Sea.  Brent Seales:  Is there a line up here?  Israeli archaeologists didn't expect much, but what Seales' software revealed was like a miracle.  Bill Whitaker:  What was it?  Brent Seales:  Well, it was the Bible.  He resurrected all the surviving Hebrew script, the oldest text of the Bible as we know it today.   The first two chapters of Leviticus in a scroll that, prior to that--was assumed to be nothing or so badly damaged no one would ever know.  Bill Whitaker:  This is what you hope to see in the Herculaneum scrolls?  Brent Seales:  Absolutely.  This is actually an identifiable text.  Following his breakthrough in Jerusalem, Graziano Rannochia admits Brent Seales' software is brilliant.  Now the Naples library, which wouldn't let Seales get his hands on the scrolls, is considering granting him access.  He's convinced the secrets of Herculaneum, locked away in the scrolls for 2,000 years, are just within reach.  See article from 60 Minutes broadcast April 3, 2018 at https://www.cbsnews.com/news/herculaneum-scrolls-can-technology-unravel-the-secrets-sealed-by-mt-vesuvius-2000-years-ago/

In Doha, the Qatar National Library was unveiled in April 2018-- a glitzy 42,000-square-meter space designed by Dutch architecture firm OMA, it's a new landmark for the city.  In the Netherlands, meanwhile, a 19th century church, which has been painstakingly converted into a library, opened its doors this year.  Across the world in Tianjin, in northeastern China, the futuristic Tianjin Binhai Library was unveiled in late 2017.  Its eye-shaped atrium was designed to be a "new urban living room."  "We designed this (space) as a public library for modern information," Ellen van Loon, who designed the Qatar National Library with Rem Koolhaas and Iyad Alsaka at OMA, tells CNN.  Of the part of the building that looks like an excavated cave, inspired by local archeological sites, she adds:  "It's not just another modern building somewhere in the middle of a country--this basically connects the building back to the culture.  It's a very different experience to going on the internet."  The advantage of designing a building as one big room (is that) ... when you enter you can see all the books in one go," van Loon says.  Inside, over one million books are available, housed in bookcases which are stacked on different levels, creating a terraced effect.  A "people mover system"--essentially, a wheelchair-friendly sloped elevator--takes guests to the level they want to get to.  Jamie Andrews, head of culture and learning at the British Library in London says that they've seen an increased number of people using the public spaces since free WiFi became available.  The purpose of a national library has been transformed--in some respects liberated--by the internet.  As well as putting more online, we find there's also an appetite for things that are original and authentic."  The collection includes items such as Beatles manuscripts, as well as a writing desk that once belonged to author Jane Austen, which are among the British Library's most popular attractions.  In Vught, a town in southern Netherlands, a church built in 1884 was transformed into a library with sliding bookshelves that house thousands of books.  The library, which forms part of the De Petrus Meeting Center, preserves the church's original layout and design details, such as its arched roof and stained glass windows.  There is, however, a newly built mezzanine floor of 5,380 square feet (500 square meters) where a study area and meeting rooms are located.  Andrea Lo  Read more and see pictures at https://www.cnn.com/style/article/modern-libraries/index.html  Thank you, Muse reader! 

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1879  April 23, 2018  1635 – The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston.  1914 – First baseball game at Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park, in Chicago.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_23

Saturday, April 21, 2018


Janne Teller (born 1964), Danish novelist of Austrian-German background.  Her literature includes essays and short stories, has received numerous literary awards and grants, and is today translated into more than 26 languages.  Always confronting the larger philosophical questions of life and modern civilization, her books often spark controversial debate.  Janne Teller has published ia, the novel Odin's Island (1999), a modern Nordic saga and parable of political, historical and religious dispute, Europa, All that you Lack (2004) about the significance of history in war and love, Comean existential novel about ethics in art and modern life, and most recently the novella African Roads (2013), and the short story collection Everything (2013).  She has also published the existential YA/crossover novel Nothing (2000) which was first banned, then has become an international bestseller, winning numerous international prizes and is today by many critics already deemed a modern classic.  Her unique passport-shaped book War, what if it were here about life as a refugee, she transforms to each country in which it is published--by now 16, and still growing (something, to the best of our knowledge, no author in the world has done before).  http://www.janneteller.dk/?English

Spaghetti with Lemon by Ruth Rogers, Sian Wyn Owen, Joseph Trivelli and Rose Gray   This recipe comes from a small trattoria outside of Positano.  We only make this in the summer when the basil is sun-drenched and the Amalfi lemons are fresh and ripe.  It is incredibly easy to make but be sure to cook the spaghetti al dente and follow the quantities in the recipe, as the flavors need to be balanced correctly.  https://www.splendidtable.org/recipes/spaghetti-with-lemon?utm_campaign=TST_WNK_20180328&utm_medium=email&utm_source=sfmc_Newsletter&utm_content=Spaghetti%20with%20Lemon

The Brinton 1704 House is one of the oldest and best preserved historic homes in America, a hidden gem located in the heart of the Brandywine Battlefield.  The Brinton family, led by William the Elder, notable for his elderly age and “wild white hair,” settled the frontier of Pennsylvania with his wife and son to avoid persecution in England for his Quaker beliefs.  Although the family spent their first winter living in a cave, William’s son—affectionately known as William “the Builder” by Brintons today—eventually built the 1704 house where he lived with his own family, his wife Jane and their six children.  In 1950, Brinton descendants repurchased their ancestral home and spent the next seven years restoring it to its original appearance.  The furniture, objects, and artifacts in the home are authentic to the 17th and 18th centuries; a few of the objects of note include a beehive oven, a mortar and pestle brought by the Brintons to the colony, and the Brinton family Bible box.  Today members of the Brinton family travel from far and wide to visit the ancestral Quaker home of their family:  a house whose family history stretches back more than 300 years in Pennsylvania and nearly a millennia in England.  https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/brinton-1704-house

Born in Macon, Georgia, to Mac Hyman and Gwendolyn Holt Hyman, Gwyn Hyman Rubio grew up in south Georgia in the small town of Cordele, not far from Plains.  Her father was a writer himself and published the bestseller No Time for Sergeants in 1954 when he was only 31 years old.  It was turned into a popular play and film, starring Andy Griffith.  Upon graduating from Florida State University with a B.A. in English, Gwyn joined the Peace Corps, serving in Costa Rica and working as a preschool program coordinator and teacher in a village, without running water or electricity, near the Panamanian border.  She married her husband, Angel, also a volunteer, six months after her arrival.  They have been married now for over 40 years.  Gwyn’s youth was spent frantically running from her father’s vocation—seeking any other occupation—because she felt the stress of writing had precipitated his early death of a heart attack at the age of 39.  Throughout the 1970s, one job followed another until the couple wound up in 1980 in Berea, Kentucky.  In 1983 Gwyn could no longer run away from writing, from the realization that this was what she was meant to do.  Therefore, she applied and was accepted into the MFA Program for Creative Writing at Warren Wilson College in North Carolina.  Not until her graduation in 1986 did she dedicate herself completely to writing.  Gwyn’s collection of short stories, Sharing Power, was nominated for a Pushcart Press Editors’ Book Award.  Her short fiction has been published and anthologized around the country.  Her short story “Little Saint” received the Cecil Hackney Literary Award for first prize in the National Short Story Competition and later appeared in Prairie Schooner.  She has received grants from the Kentucky Arts Council and from the Kentucky Foundation for Women.  In July, 1998, her first novel was published by Viking/Penguin.  Highlighted in Time Magazine by Barnes & Noble, Icy Sparks was one of several novels chosen to represent “The Next Wave of Great Literary Voices” in the Discover Great New Writers program.  http://gwynhymanrubio.com/bio.html

In many countries, white chocolate is not classified as chocolate at all, as it contains no cocoa solids, which gives it the smooth ivory or beige color.  White "chocolate" is the most fragile form of all chocolates and close attention must be paid to it while heating or melting as it will burn and seize very easily unless heated very slowly.  White chocolate originates from the cocoa (cacao) plant but lacks "chocolate" flavor due to the absence of the chocolate liquor which is what gives dark and milk chocolate their intense, bitter flavor and color.  White chocolate contains cocoa butter, milk solids, sugar, lecithin and flavorings (usually including vanilla).  Look for a brand that contains cocoa butter.  There are cheaper versions that don't contain any cocoa butter, and their flavor is inferior.  Link to recipes using  white chocolate at http://www.geniuskitchen.com/about/white-chocolate-225

stridulation  noun  A high-pitched chirping, grating, hissing, or squeaking sound, as male crickets and grasshoppers make by rubbing certain body parts together.  from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English   The act of making shrill sounds or musical notes by rubbing together certain hard parts, as is done by the males of many insects, especially by Orthoptera, such as crickets, grasshoppers, and locusts.  The noise itself.  Etymologies  from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License  1838, from earlier term stridulous; from Latin strīdulus ("giving a shrill sound, creaking"), from strīdō ("utter a shrill or harsh sound; creak, shriek, grate, hiss").  https://www.wordnik.com/words/stridulation

(1)  Mary Regula, who led a successful campaign to establish a national library to research and commemorate the disparate and often unsung roles played by presidential spouses, died on April 5, 2018  at her family’s farm in Navarre, Ohio. She was 91. 
(2)  Growing up in the 1960s, Storm Reyes lived and worked in migrant labor camps across Washington state.  When she was 8 years old, she began working full-time picking fruit for under a dollar an hour.  At StoryCorps, Storm shared stories of her difficult childhood with her son, Jeremy Hagquist, and remembers the day a bookmobile unexpectedly arrived, opening up new worlds and bringing hope.
(3)  From an article in The New York Times, a judge imposes juveniles to read from a list of books and report on their reactions.  A Virginia judge handed down an unusual sentence last year after five teenagers defaced a historic black schoolhouse with swastikas and the words “white power” and “black power.”  Instead of spending time in community service, Judge Avelina Jacob decided, the youths should read a book.  But not just any book.  They had to choose from a list of ones covering some of history’s most divisive and tragic periods.  The horrors of the Holocaust awaited them in “Night,” by Elie Wiesel.  The racism of the Jim Crow South was there in Maya Angelou’s “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.”  The brutal hysteria of persecution could be explored in “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller.  http://lisnews.org/

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1878  April 21, 2018  Word of the Day  gens  noun  (Ancient Rome, historical)  A legally defined unit of Roman society, being a collection of people related through  common ancestor by birthmarriage or adoption, possibly over many generations, and sharing the same nomen gentilicium.  (anthropology)  A tribal subgroup whose members are characterized by having the same descent, usually along the maleline.
Rome is traditionally regarded as having been founded on April 21.  Wiktionary

Wednesday, April 18, 2018


February 25, 2018  From Philip Jones, editor, the Bookseller   Hardbacks are still popular.  Hardback fiction brings in about £70m annually (roughly 20% of the printed fiction market), according to sales data from Nielsen BookScan.  Size also matters:  hardbacks are bigger than paperbacks, they take up more space in bookshops and are more visible--whether in window displays or on bookshop tables.  Hardbacks are also more profitable for publishers: they will often sell at twice the price of their paperback equivalent but do not cost twice as much to produce.  If a hardback becomes a bestseller, the publisher will often delay the paperback release even though that limits the book’s sales potential.  Last year sales of hardback fiction grew 11%.  When the ebook arrived 10 years ago, some pundits suggested format did not matter.  But they were wrong.  A beautiful hardback is a joy, something to cherish, shelve and pass on, and readers are prepared to pay for that just as some people still prefer the cinema over television.  https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/feb/25/book-clinic-why-do-publishers-still-issue-hardbacks

We’re a nation of immigrants.  So is our food.  Look at the vast array of produce in the supermarket. Where did all these fruits and vegetables originally come from?  And how did they get here?  According to author Daniel Stone, we have one man to thank for the diversity of this bounty:  David Fairchild.  More than a century ago, Fairchild traveled the world, in search of interesting (and delicious) crops that could be grown by American farmers.  Traveling to every continent but Antarctica, Fairchild brought back thousands of possibilities.  Among Fairchild’s greatest hits:  the avocado (from Chile), kale (from Croatia) and the Meyer lemon (from China).  Just those three have a huge impact on what we eat now.  The avocado alone “should qualify Fairchild for sainthood,” Stone quipped.  “Fairchild grew up in Kansas.  He called them ‘alligator pears.’  Few Americans had seen them before.  In Chile, he found what was the ancestor to the Hass avocado.  He shipped back a thousand of them, hoping some would survive.”  That’s just for starters, Stone added.  Fairchild brought back soybeans (from Indonesia), peaches and oranges (from China), pomegranates (from Malta), nectarines (from Afghanistan), papayas (from Ceylon), red seedless grapes (from Italy) and hops (from Bavaria).  He also was responsible for introducing dates, mangoes, pistachios and wasabi to the American table.  In all, Fairchild is credited with more than 20,000 plant introductions to the U.S.  Debbie Arrington  Find recipes at http://www.sacbee.com/food-drink/recipes/article203553609.html

Most Americans don’t recognize the name Frank N. Meyer, but many are familiar with the fruit that bears his name.  Long thought to be a simple lemon-orange hybrid, the Meyer lemon is now believed to be a cross between three of the original citrus species—citron, mandarin, and pummelo—based on a 2016 genetics study led by French scientist Franck Curk.  Born in the Netherlands in 1875 as Frans Nicolaas Meijer, Meyer was one of a half-dozen explorers scouring the globe for new and hardier things to grow under the direction of long-serving agriculture secretary James Wilson.  Their combined efforts yielded a lot of what we eat today, including avocados, figs, and mangoes.  But Meyer’s unique personality, combined with the tremendous difficulty of his assignment, made him the group’s media darling and arguably the favorite of his boss, David Fairchild, head of the USDA’s Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction.  It was his job to think about such things:  Meyer worked for the U.S. government as an “agricultural explorer,” traveling across Asia in search of better food, like some early-20th-century Anthony Bourdain.  The fancy lemon that bears his name is one of some 2,500 types of plants—including multiple varieties of peach, pear, plum, and persimmon, to mention only a few of the p’s—that Meyer picked up during his four long missions to the Far East, braving all kinds of harsh conditions and violence along the way.  Meyer did more than just pick up some soybeans (over 100 different varieties throughout his 13-year career); he was also an early advocate for soy as a food source for humans, not just livestock.  Chris Shott  https://www.tastecooking.com/a-man-a-plan-a-lemon-china/

As we begin planning for the renovation of the Toledo-Lucas County Public Library's main branch, we hope all members of the community will take part in the conversation and process by sharing their input and insight while attending the following community forums in the McMaster Center:
Forum 1:  Wednesday, May 2, 6 - 8 p.m.                 
Forum 2:  Wednesday, May 30, 6 - 8 p.m.                   
Forum 3:  Thursday, June 28, 6 - 8 p.m.                      
For information and updates throughout the planning and construction process, visit  

Salmon Mousse, or Absolute Power by Sadie Stein   I have been wrestling mightily lately. The temptation:  salmon mousse.  Like many Barbara Pym fans, I have long owned The Barbara Pym Cookbook, published in 1988 by the late author’s sister, Hilary, and Honor Wyatt.  And like many Barbara Pym fans, I have never dared cook from it.  By the jacket copy’s own admission, this is “an armchair cookbook,” a collection of quotations from Pym’s novels and corresponding recipes—they make for excellent reading, but they don’t excite one to run to the kitchen.  While minute meal descriptions are one of the great pleasures of the Pym oeuvre, many of the novels take place during the tyranny of postwar rationing.  However enthusiastic and sophisticated a cook she may have been—and by all accounts she certainly was—Barbara Pym’s recipes are not necessarily calculated to appeal to the twenty-first-century palate.  https://www.theparisreview.org/blog/2015/08/17/salmon-mousse-or-absolute-power/  A treat for devotees of Pym, The Barbara Pym Cookbook offers a modest selection of recipes, adapted for the American kitchen, for foods mentioned in Pym's novels.  Others, such as ``a bowl of groats, fragrant as a cornfield and intriguingly surfaced with little pock marks,'' were Pym's favorites.  All are accompanied by prose morsels taken from the author's corpus.  Plain English food is served in abundance: steak and kidney pie, potted ham, sausage rolls.  https://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-525-24706-7

Barbara Pym quotes  “Of course it's alright for librarians to smell of drink.”  “The burden of keeping three people in toilet paper seemed to me rather a heavy one.”  “Dulcie always found a public library a little upsetting, for one saw so many odd people there.”  “I think just a cup of tea...' There was something to be said for tea and a comfortable chat about crematoria.”  “If only one could clear out one's mind and heart as ruthlessly as one did one's wardrobe.” 

It was on April 18, in 1944 that the Jerome Robbins-Leonard Bernstein ballet “Fancy Free” was first danced by the Ballet Theater at the old Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.  Bernstein himself conducted, and alongside Robbins and set designer Oliver Smith, took some 20 curtain calls.  “The ballet is strictly wartime America, 1944,” wrote Bernstein, “The curtain rises on a street corner with a lamp post, a side-street bar, and New York skyscrapers making a dizzying backdrop.  Three sailors explode onto the stage.  They are on 24-hour shore leave in the city and on the prowl for girls.  The tale of how they meet first one, then a second girl, and how they fight over them, lose them, and in the end take off after still a third, is the story of the ballet.”  In a curious parallel to the stage action described by Bernstein, the ballet had been first pitched to composer Morton Gould, who said he was too busy, then to Vincent Persichetti, who in turn suggested Bernstein as a third, and perhaps better choice to produce a more hip, jazzy, and danceable score.  Bernstein made piano four-hand recordings as he completed each section of the music, and mailed these off to his partners.  His piano-bench partner for those work-in-progress recordings, by the way, was none other than Aaron Copland.  Composers Datebook

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1877  April 18, 2018  Word of the Day  tit for tat  noun  Equivalent retribution; an act of returning exactly what one gets; an eye for an eye.

Tuesday, April 17, 2018


September 17, 2016  How Popular is your Birthday? by Matt Stiles  U.S. Average Daily Births:  1994-2014  Sept. 9 is most common in this dataset, though other days in that month are close.  Sept. 19 is second.  See table at http://thedailyviz.com/2016/09/17/how-common-is-your-birthday-dailyviz/

What Is Poke Sallet? by Joe York  “Film Bites” are very short films by Joe York.  If you like to live dangerously, poke sallet might be the leafy green for you.  Poke grows as a weed in much of North America.  In the South, it’s been foraged and eaten as a vegetable for centuries.  But here’s the catch:  Poke is poisonous.  So how do you cook it—and why would you want to?  Joe York investigates.  https://www.southernfoodways.org/film/poke-a-film-bite/  5:31

Noble and ignoble are antonyms, which are words that have opposite meanings.  Noble means belonging to a hereditary class of people by birth, rank or title.  Noble may also mean having lofty moral or personal qualities or being of superior quality.  Noble may also mean having an imposing appearance.  The word noble is derived from the Latin word gnobilis, which literally means knowable.  This stems from the idea that important Roman families were well known, even to the lower classes.  Related words are nobility, nobleness and nobly.  Ignoble means of humble birth, from common or lower class origins.  Ignoble may also mean dishonorable, despicable, inferior.  The word ignoble is unsurprisingly derived from the Latin word ignobilis, which means obscure, undistinguished, unknown, not noble, common.  Strictly speaking, most people could be described as being of ignoble or non-aristocratic origins, but the term is currently most often used to describe someone born into poverty, or something dishonorable or inferior.  Related words are ignobility, ignobleness, ignobly.  http://grammarist.com/usage/noble-vs-ignoble/
           
When you shop for oats, you'll see several types on the store shelves.  They're all based on "oat groats," which are the whole oat kernel.  Instant oats:  Oat groats that have been steamed and flaked.  Rolled oats (also called regular or old-fashioned oats):  Oat groats that have been steamed and rolled into flakes that are thicker (and thus take longer to cook) than instant oats.  Steel-cut oats (also called Irish oats): You get the whole oat kernel, cut up.  These take about 20 minutes to cook.  Scottish oats:  These are like steel-cut oats, but instead of being cut, they are ground.  Oat groats:  This is the whole oat--no cuts, flakes, or grinding.  They take longer to cook than other oats.  Give them 50-60 minutes to cook, after you bring the water to a boil.  You can cook oatmeal on your stove top, in your microwave, or in a slow cooker.  https://www.webmd.com/diet/oatmeal-benefits#1

Affixes:  the building blocks of English   Several common terms in -pathy have been imported entire from Greek and relate to feelings:  antipathyapathyempathysympathy.  Apart from these, the ending frequently indicates a disease or disorder (cardiopathypsychopathy) or a method of treating a disorder (homeopathyosteopathy).  Terms that refer to systems of treatment can have agent nouns in -path for a practitioner (naturopathosteopath); less commonly, terms in -pathy for disorders have nouns in -path for a sufferer from the condition (psychopathsociopath, though the former in common usage refers to a sufferer from a chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behaviour).  Rarely, terms for therapists are formed in -pathist (homeopathisthydropathist).  Adjectives are formed in -pathicapathetichydropathicmyopathicsympathetic.  See list of terms at http://www.affixes.org/p/-pathy.html

FOR ALWAYS, a poem written by Martha Esbin for a Valentine's Day card to her husband, Jack.  The words START, STOP and WAIT came from a set of magnetic poetry.

Sip
The wine
As
Red as
The plum

Sit and
Tell me that
Our love is
Promised to each other for always

When we're
Apart
I'll wait patiently
To see you and love you again

A.Word.A.Day with Anu Garg   
listerize  (LIS-tuh-ryz)  verb tr.  To make antiseptic.  ANAGRAM:  listerize = sterilize  Coined after Joseph Lister (1827-1912) surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic medicine.  Earliest documented use:  1888.  Besides this word, some other things named after Joseph Lister are Listerine (originally a surgical antiseptic), the bacterial genus Listeria, and the slime mold genus Listerella.  See the Anagram Hall of Fame at https://wordsmith.org/anagram/hof.html and the Internet Anagram Server at https://wordsmith.org/anagram/

sitomania  (sy-tuh-MAY-nee-uh)  noun   An abnormal craving for food  From Greek sito- (grain, food) + -mania (excessive enthusiasm or craze).  Earliest documented use:  1882.  The opposite is sitophobia.  A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:  If only I could so live and so serve the world that after me there should never again be birds in cages. - Isak Dinesen (pen name of Karen Blixen), author (17 Apr 1885-1962) 

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1876  April 17, 2018  
Word of the Day  kyriarchy  noun  system of ruling and oppression in which many people may interact and act as oppressor or oppressed Romanian-born German feminist Roman Catholic theologian Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, who coined the word in a 1992 book, was born on this day 80 years ago in 1938.

Monday, April 16, 2018


Cucumber Salad
Combine 1 tsp. soy sauce, 1 tbsp. white vinegar, 1 tbsp. sugar, 2 tsp. sesame seed oil, 1/4 tsp. Tabasco and 1/2 tsp. salt.  Add 2 medium cucumbers, peeled and diced.  Cover and chill.

A backhanded (or left-handed) compliment is an ambiguous statement that seems to be or is intended to be a compliment but is actually critical and could be seen as an insult; an insult disguised as praise.  When someone pays you a backhanded compliment, they are actually being condescending.  Since at least the late 1800's, the term 'backhanded' has been used figuratively to mean "oblique in meaning; indirect, devious, equivocal, ambiguous, or sarcastic.  The variant left-handed compliment comes from the use, dating from around 1600 of the word left-handed to mean "questionable" or "doubtful." (American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms).  This use, in turn, derived from the left long being associated with wrongness or evil.  The word sinister was the Latin word left or "one the left side" which became through Old French, our modern word sinister.  http://www.idioms.online/backhanded-compliment

In his 47 years at the Boston Athenaeum, Stanley Cushing has handled everything from a magnetic “Squid Book” to an autobiography bound in its author’s skin.  The Boston Athenaeum—a 211-year-old independent library in the center of Beacon Hill—is home to about 150,000 rare books.  Some are old, and some are brand new.  Some are huge, and some are tiny.  Some are made of lead, some are made of shredded army uniforms, and one is, famously, made of human skin.  Cushing began his career at the Athenaeum in 1970, right after he graduated from college.  He ended up staying for 47 years—“longer than anybody else in the last hundred years or so,” he says—working as a bookbinder and conservator, then as the Chief of the Conservation Department, and finally as the first-ever Curator of Rare Books.  While in this last position, he began the library’s artists’ books collection, and took the opportunity to  scoop up everything from bark cloth catalogs to anti-war tracts.  Cushing retired in late 2017 (he is now the Rare Books Curator Emeritus) but his legacy remains on the Athenaeum’s shelves, in the form of the many additions he has made to them.  The Athenaeum is an unusual library in that it doesn’t de-accession.  It doesn’t de-accession by use:  If you go into the stacks, and you see a book that hasn’t been used in a hundred years, it’s still waiting for you.  And we’re not going to get rid of it, because somebody intelligent bought it in the past, and we think someone intelligent will use it in the future.  When we run out of space, we have typically given whole collections to other institutions.  Our medical books, which we used to have a lot of, we gave to the Countway Library at Harvard.  We had an enormous collection of bound newspapers, which take up a huge amount of space.  We kept the ones that are of local interest, but we gave a great number of them to the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, because they collect bound newspapers.  Cara Giaomo  Read extensive article with many pictures at http://lisnews.org/exit_interview_i_curated_rare_books_for_a_200yearold_library
                                         
Trail mix these days goes way beyond basic GORP (good old raisins and peanuts).  From sweet to savory, there are thousands of combinations to appeal to any palate or snack craving.  Combine any favorite (dry) ingredients and stash the mix in an airtight container in a cool, dry location to prevent spoilage, and you’re good to go.  Trail mix was invented (according to legend, in 1968 by Hadley Food Orchards) to be eaten while hiking or doing another strenuous activity.  It’s lightweight, portable, and full of energy-dense ingredients like dried fruit, nuts, and chocolate—perfect for trailside noshing.  For those same reasons, trail mix can pack a hefty caloric punch, especially when we mindlessly munch while sitting around at work or home.  Keep serving size to a quarter-cup or less to keep this yummy snack from sneaking into “dangerfood” territory.  Sophia Breene

Homeric   adjective   Resembling or relating to the epic poetry of Homer.  Of or pertaining to Greece during the Bronze Age, as described in Homer's works.  Fit to be immortalized in poetry by Homer; epic, heroic.  Wiktionary

April 15, 2018   Ray Bradbury won over generations of readers to science fiction with "Fahrenheit 451" and other works during a writing career that spanned much of the 20th century and produced a mountain of manuscripts, correspondence and memorabilia.  That sprawling collection, much of which Bradbury's family donated after his death in 2012 at age 91, is now entering a long-running preservation project at its home on the campus of Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis.  The Center for Ray Bradbury Studies , which is devoted to the study of the science fiction-fantasy author's works, won a $50,000 grant this month from the National Endowment for the Humanities to begin planning the giant archive's conservation.  "This is a national treasure and we have the great, good fortune to be able to preserve his legacy here for years to come," said Jonathan Eller, who befriended Bradbury in the 1980s and directs the center, which he co-founded in 2007.  Although Bradbury wrote his most famous titles in the mid-20th century, including "Fahrenheit 451," a novel about a dystopian future in which "firemen" hunt down and burn books to keep society in a state of ignorance, Eller said many of his works remain relevant because of their warnings about the misuse of technology and the importance of safeguarding the human imagination.  Bradbury's major works, including "The Martian Chronicles" and "The Illustrated Man," remain in print and HBO will next month air a version of "Fahrenheit" starring Michael Shannon, Michael B. Jordan and Sofia Boutella.  Meanwhile, the Bradbury center, which is near downtown Indianapolis and features a replica of the basement office in Los Angeles where the author wrote for decades, is preparing to delve into the collection he left behind for what's expected to be a yearslong preservation effort.  http://triblive.com/aande/books/13540146-74/trove-of-author-ray-bradburys-papers-set-for-preservation

April 15, 2018  Facebook gets some data on non-users from people on its network, such as when a user uploads email addresses of friends.  Other information comes from “cookies,” small files stored via a browser and used by Facebook and others to track people on the internet, sometimes to target them with ads.  “This kind of data collection is fundamental to how the internet works,” Facebook said in a statement to Reuters.  Asked if people could opt out, Facebook added, “There are basic things you can do to limit the use of this information for advertising, like using browser or device settings to delete cookies.  This would apply to other services beyond Facebook because, as mentioned, it is standard to how the internet works.”  Facebook often installs cookies on non-users’ browsers if they visit sites with Facebook “like” and “share” buttons, whether or not a person pushes a button.  Facebook said it uses browsing data to create analytics reports, including about traffic to a site.  The company said it does not use the data to target ads, except those inviting people to join Facebook.  David Ingram  Read more at  

The Hip-Hop Architecture Movement  Michael Ford and the Urban Arts Collective are forging a critique of Modernism, the style of architecture that birthed a new American culture by   If challenged to list more than six African-American architects or designers, could you do it?  Of those you can name, how many of them changed the practice of architecture or shaped a community with a revolutionary approach  If Michael Ford isn’t on your list of black designers changing our industry, keep reading.  Ford, co-founder of the Urban Arts Collective and self-proclaimed hip-hop architect, was born and raised in Detroit.  Motown boasts architectural marvels by Daniel Burnham, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Marcel Breuer, and Isamu Noguchi; it has also groomed award-winning hip-hop artists including Eminem, Big Sean, and J Dilla.  But if you ask Ford, Detroit’s premier hip-hop artists—or those from any American city—didn’t hone their craft by spending time around groundbreaking architecture.  Their contributions to hip-hop culture, and the development of the cultural movement, were the results of deplorable physical conditions that moved its inhabitants to create a new art form in diametric response to their environment.  For Ford, and many other cultural scholars, hip-hop isn’t an isolated musical genre, a fashion style, or a variety of dance.  “Hip-hop is a culture curated mostly by African-American and Latino youth as a response to challenging economic, political, and physical environments,” Ford explains.  His thesis pairs these physical environments with Robert Moses’ inverted application of Le Corbusier’s principles for the City of Tomorrow.  Instead of glass prisms surrounded by green space for Paris, the Bronx got brick towers in-filled with concrete, divided by the Cross Bronx Expressway that siphoned residents from the island of Manhattan.  Those who could afford relocation—upper- and middle-class residents—fled the borough leaving the economically disenfranchised residents in isolation.  Moses’ implementation of displacement is what Ford calls “the worst remix in history.”  And so it is no coincidence that the Bronx is the widely agreed-upon birthplace of hip-hop.  Read much more and see pictures at http://www.architectmagazine.com/practice/the-hip-hop-architecture-movement_o
AIA Toledo and Toledo-Lucas County Public Library will collaborate a Hip Hop Architecture Camp in the main library's creativity lab July 9-14, 2018.  The camp is based on "4 Cs"--creativity, collaboration, communication and critical thinking. 

http://librariansmuse.blogspot.com  Issue 1875  April 16, 2018  Word of the Day  sprachbund  noun A group of languages sharing a number of areal features (similar grammarvocabulary, etc.) which are primarily due to language contact rather than cognation.  Russian linguist Nikolai Trubetzkoy, who coined the German word Sprachbund from which the English word is derived, was born on this day in 1890.  Wiktionary